What Causes Depression
The causes of depression can be hard to define. The factors contributing to the start of depression is many more than just one in most people, it is almost unrealistic to tell exactly what caused the depression in a person. Depression is not an ordinary illness, which are caused by viruses and bacteria. There are many factors which appear to contribute to depression, and possibly a group of factors that are responsible for causing depression when they come together in a specific way. There are a lot of people who have a genetic predisposition to depression, but even this in itself does not necessarily mean somebody will become depressed; other factors must be present at the same time.
Genetics and Depression
Various substances in our brains have the job of regulating our mood and emotional state; these chemicals are known as neurotransmitters and include serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. People who have lower levels of these chemicals are predisposed to certain kinds of depression. Biologically or genetically based, depressive symptoms are the result of depleted levels of neurotransmitters. A person who is genetically prone to depression may experience a rapid downward spiral when outside events trigger a low mood. When neurotransmitters levels drop, behavior and thought patterns are affected. This can also happen in the opposite direction, that is, depressive behaviors and negative thoughts may decrease levels of neurotransmitters. In [...] Continue Reading…
Depression is a serious mental condition that is largely under diagnosed in many individuals. One reason for this is that many of the symptoms of depression can also be attributed to other conditions and illnesses as well. This sometimes makes it difficult to actually diagnose the condition of depression in many people.
There are many different symptoms that may indicate the presence of depression in that particular person. Some of these symptoms include such common issues as the loss of interest in activities that you previously enjoyed as well as a lack of desire or even an outright inability to perform daily tasks such as cooking, cleaning or in severe cases even getting out of bed.
Depression often also causes a person to have feelings of extreme sadness or hopelessness or even cause them to feel that they are worthless or inadequate as a person. When these feelings are present it may lead a person to have an extremely low self esteem and may even lead to thoughts of suicide or suicidal behaviors or attempts.
Depression can be very disruptive to a person’s life causing serious issues with the performance of everyday events such as caring for your family or how well you carry out activities related to school or work and can have dramatic negative effects on relationships as well.
If you feel that you or someone close to you is exhibiting any of the signs of depression it is very important that you take the occurrence of these symptoms very seriously. Depression is a treatable condition and you can still lead a very productive life with the proper treatment. One very important thing to remember is that depression often does not go away on its own and in most cases worsens over time without treatment. This can lead to potential ‘explosions’ of anger that can be very volatile in nature and many other serious problems.
There are many treatment options available to individuals who suffer from depression ranging from counseling for those who are only mildly effective to medication and hospitalization for those who have severe problems due to the presence of depression.
The first step of receiving treatment for depression is diagnosis. Before any medical or mental condition can be treated it must first be diagnosed. In order to diagnose this condition an individual must first be evaluated by a mental health care professional. After this step has been taken the doctor can then make recommendations as to which treatment will be most effective based on the severity of the person’s condition.
In many cases the next step of treatment is counseling either in a group setting or on an individual basis depending on the person. If counseling proves to be ineffective medication to help control feelings of depression may be used however this is generally done only after counseling and other options have been considered and tried.
If you are prescribed medication to help control your depression it is very important that you take this medication exactly as your doctor prescribes every day. Not doing so can cause this condition to worsen and lead to much worse issues such as suicide attempts.
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The overall effects of the Great Depression were felt on a global scale. All of the various countries ended up with problems due to not enough demand for their products. Only essential items such as food were being imported and exported. Consumers didn’t have the money to buy many of the other things that they used to. The prices for these commodities weren’t getting what they used to so it was hard to make any profit at all.
Unemployment rates were soaring as businesses and factories all over had to shut their doors. With no one to buy their products there was very little reason for people to stay on. At first many of them just cut down their hours and then the number of employees. As things progressed though the businesses had to shut their doors all together. There wasn’t the access to credit that there once was. The government wasn’t able to help these businesses to meet their debts and so everyone was left out in the cold.
As a result of no money, many families found themselves living on the streets in poverty. Some parents choose to give their children to people that could care for them, and often the entire family was broken up. People died from hunger and illness while others seems to just give up on their desire to live.
People also lost a great deal of faith in their government. They had always expected they would take care of them. Now there weren’t any programs in place to assist them. There just weren’t enough shelters or food banks to offer the vast amount of supplies people needed. Everyone was on their own and it was a very difficult type of life to try to live.
Not all of the effects of the Great Depression were negative though. Many people learned some valuable things about managing their money and doing the best they could with what they had. Children from the depression grew up to be very imaginative and inventive. They also appreciated the things that they had access to in their life because they never forgot just how little they once had.
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In order to get a very accurate understanding of what took place in regards to the Great Depression you need to start at the very beginning. This period of time began in 1929 and lasted into 1941. There are many significant things that occurred during that span of time. In 1927 and 1928 there were economic problems developing, yet it was the stock market crash of 1929 that resulted in the start of the Great Depression in the eyes of most people.
By 1931 an estimated five million people in the United States alone had lost their jobs. At the same time many banks were closing their doors due to people not being able to repay the money that they owed. Families and businesses weren’t able to walk into the remaining banks and take out loans to get themselves by. As a result many businesses had to close their doors as well.
To add insult to injury, in 1932 taxes increased at an unbelievable rate. The more than doubled in many areas, taking more of the money that people did have access to. This lead to the common practice of people working under the table so they didn’t have to report that income and pay taxes on it. Bartering became very popular too so that people could get all the things they needed without paying taxes when they purchased it as well.
In 1934 there were some efforts by the government but they were too few and with not enough funding. They pertained to gold, crops, imports, and also wages. Yet the people had taken things into their own hands by this point. They were in survival mode and willing to do what they needed to in order to get by.
With the start of World War II in 1941, the Great Depression seemed to be coming to an end. Many of the men were off to fight in the battle and that meant their basic needs were taken care of. You also had women who were filling the jobs that the men were leaving behind. Many old factories opened up again by the government in order to make various types of supplies that were used for the war.
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Many of us have heard first hand accounts about the great depression from our parents and grandparents. These stories often come about when children want something they feel they should be able to have. Many people that suffered through the Great Depression feel people today don’t appreciate all that they have. There were some world wide effects caused by this event though.
There were signs of economic trouble in many countries including the United States in 1928. The big fall came in October of 1929 when the stock market came crashing down. This date is often referred to as Black Tuesday. The trickle down effect of the money not coming in affected everyone. Companies closed down production as people weren’t able to buy their goods. Stores had to shut their doors locally as well. People all over were out of work and barely able to keep food on the table.
Farmers struggled to make ends meet even though they were still growing crops. They were only about to sell them though for less than what they were used to. As a result many of them lost their land. Those that kept it farmed less land as they couldn’t afford to continue getting the supplies. In many instances they choose only to grow enough to feed their own families for survival.
The effects of the Great Depression continued to become more desperate. It didn’t seem like the world would ever be able to rebound from it. Ironically, it was the amount of jobs created by the emergence of World War II that helped people to get back on their feet. While war is seldom considered to be good economically, this was one time when it was. People were able to have money again and they started to buy things like they once did.
For many that lived though the era of the Great Depression though they never forgot the impact. They continued to put money away and to expect such a fall to occur again. Many of them saved their money in jars or under bed mattresses. They didn’t want to trust the banks and then not be able to get their money if things in the economy didn’t survive once again.
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Pictures are able to tell us stories that we often just can’t get from words. There are many pictures from the Great Depression that show the desperation of entire towns and even countries. Most of the people in these pictures don’t look very happy at all. There are few smiles on their faces and worry lines. Many people are ill and very thin from not enough to eat. There are pictures of empty factories and boarded up banks and retail stores.
Many of us have heard about the severe drought that was partly to blame for the Great Depression. We have all been out on windy days, but the dust storms from that era were unbelievable. Many of them give you the real concept that shows that you couldn’t even see across the street as the dust was blowing around.
There are pictures of foreclosure signs on homes and on farms. All of this is a symbol of how people were losing their places to live and their way to make a living. Without enough money to pay for them though the banks were taking them back. There are pictures from the Great Depression of families living on the streets, sitting around with the few precious possessions they happened to still have left.
Some families have pictures that have been passed down from generations that have to do with the Great Depression. They are very valued by their family and serve to remind them of what their ancestors had to endure. Many of those pictures were passed along with detailed stories of what was going on with their ancestors at the time. That really brings home the reality of this event that spanned more than a decade around the world.
There are plenty of pictures from the Great Depression that can be found online and in history books. It is important for people to take a look at them and realize there are real people involved in what they are seeing. It can help them to understand the true impact that this era of time had on the Nation. It should also serve as a reminder of where we could all be if we aren’t careful with many aspects of our economic design.
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In this day and age, hopelessness is rampant. There are many valid reasons why people are losing hope in the world today. Even when the reasons are valid, it is important not to give up hope. Hopelessness is a burden that weighs you down and prevents you from being able to do your best and enjoy your life. If you give in to hopelessness, you will only spiral down further into a quagmire of depression.
Tip: Avoid sugars whenever you are feeling depressed. Sugar rushes into the bloodstream quickly – especially when compared with the complex carbohydrates found in whole grains and other unprocessed choices.
Modern psychologists believe that hopelessness is triggered by a loss of satisfaction of basic needs. These needs are survival, accomplishment and attachment. When the things and circumstances you need to be able to sustain these three qualities are compromised, you are very likely to feel hopeless.
Tip: Get some sun every singe day. There is scientific data that suggests that insufficient sunlight can significantly worsen depression.
Hopelessness comes in several forms that can affect a person individually or in combination. Each type of hopelessness requires a different type of approach in treatment. In this article, we will discuss the types of hopelessness people experience and present some ideas for coping with hopelessness.
Tip: There are depression support groups available in cities all over the country and in online forums. Finding others who understand what you are going through can really help, just through general conversation or sharing solutions to the problems posed by depression.
The need for attachment is very strong, but in the modern world many people feel isolated and alienated. Alienation causes sufferers to feel different from others, and this makes them feel rootless and helpless. When a person feels unloved, unsupported, uncared for and undervalued, alienation based hopelessness is bound to ensue.
Tip: Go see a professional regardless of how bad your condition is. This person can help you correctly diagnose the problem so that it can be determined whether any medication will be needed.
People who are stuck in unsatisfying circumstances due to lack of opportunities or resources may feel completely uninspired and powerless to make positive changes. This is because they cannot successfully attain a feeling of mastery due to their circumstances. Furthermore, this type of situation may cause problems with meeting attachment needs because of a lack of strong, positive mentors and other supportive people available.
Tip: Beautiful fresh flowers, cut from your garden or purchased from the store, can be very effective in lightening your mood. Flowers have evolved in such a way that the colors and smells associated with them have come to please various species, including humans.
Members of groups that are considered second class citizens may feel oppressed, limited and hopeless because of being held outside of mainstream society and prevented from attaining their full potential. This can also be true of people who are imprisoned or held against their will in captive or abusive situations. All of these forms of hopelessness affect a personís ability to maintain feelings of mastery, attachment to supportive others and a sense of the ability to safely survive.
Tip: It is important that you take your depression medication daily, around the same time, you should aim for a spot in the morning. This will turn taking your medication into habit and you will be less likely to forget to swallow your pills.
People who are seriously ill or who feel unsafe in the world may experience feelings of doom and helplessness. Their ability to successfully survive and form meaningful attachments are compromised due to fear for health, life and/or safety.
Tip: Be sure to not let your diet suffer if you are depressed. A lot of the time when people are depressed they tend not to eat, usually because their sadness overtakes them.
It is important to remember that feelings of hopelessness often really are in your head. When you feel hopeless, you feel like spending more time alone, it is important to make it a point to seek out the company of others and find someone to talk with and share your thoughts and feelings. If your need for attachment is met, you will have an easier time coping if your other needs are threatened.
Additionally, having the opportunity to discuss your fears and perceptions will help you to put them in perspective. Often feelings of hopelessness arise from over-generalizing and amplifying very small events and actions on the parts of others or even ourselves. Seeking feedback and a new perspective from others can help you pull yourself out of the spiral of hopelessness.
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